Paper: Reticular Chemistry and Metal-Organic Frameworks for Clean Energy

Authors: Q. Li and O. M. Yaghi

Citation: MRS Bulletin, 200934, 682-690

DOI: 10.1557/mrs2009.180

Abstract: Reticular chemistry concerns the linking of molecular building blocks into predetermined structures using strong bonds. We have been working on creating and developing the conceptual and practical basis of this new area of research. As a result, new classes of crystalline porous materials have been designed and synthesized: metal-organic frameworks, zeolitic imidazolate frameworks, and covalent organic frameworks. Crystals of this type have exceptional surface areas (2,000−6,000 m2/g) and take up voluminous amounts of hydrogen (7.5 wt% at 77 K and 3−4 × 106 Pa), methane (50 wt% at 298 K and 2.5 × 106 Pa), and carbon dioxide (140 wt% at 298 K and 3 × 106 Pa). We have driven the basic science all the way to applications without losing sight of our quest for understanding the underlying molecular aspects of this chemistry. The presentation was focused on the design concepts, synthesis, and structure of these materials, with emphasis on their applications to onboard energy storage.