Paper:Establishing Microporosity in Open Metal−Organic Frameworks:  Gas Sorption Isotherms for Zn(BDC) (BDC = 1,4-Benzenedicarboxylate)

Authors: H. Li, M. Eddaoudi, T. L. Groy, and O. M. Yaghi

Citation: J. Am. Chem. Soc.1998120, 8571-8572

DOI: 10.1021/ja981669x

Abstract: Construction of microporous metal−organic frameworks by copolymerization of organic molecules with metal ions has received widespread attention in recent years, with significant strides made toward the development of their synthetic and structural design chemistry. Cognizant of the fact that access to the pores and understanding the inclusion chemistry of these materials are essential to their ultimate utility, we prepared rigid frameworks that maintain their structural integrity and porosity during anion-exchange and guest sorption from solution and in the absence of guests.Although gas sorption isotherm measurements are often used to confirm and study microporosity in crystalline zeolites and related molecular sieves, such studies have not been established in the chemistry of open metal−organic frameworks thus leaving unanswered vital questions regarding the existence of permanent porosity in this class of materials. Herein, we present the synthesis, structural characterization, and gas sorption isotherm measurements for the Zn(BDC) microporous framework of crystalline Zn(BDC)·(DMF)(H2O) (BDC = 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate and DMF = N,N‘-dimethylformamide).