Paper: Synthesis and Hydrogen Adsorption Properties of Internally Polarized 2,6-Azulenedicarboxylate Based Metal–Organic Frameworks

Authors: S. Barman, A. Khutia, R. Koitz, O. Blacque, H. Furukawa, M. Iannuzzi, O. M. Yaghi, C. Janiak, J. Hutter, and H. Berke

Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 18823-18830

DOI: 10.1039/C4TA04393F

Abstract: To improve the binding energy of hydrogen, incorporation of internally polarized organic units into metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) should be a promising strategy. In this study, two novel MOFs composed of internally polarized 2,6-azulenedicarboxylate (2,6-azd), termed MOF-649 [Zn2(2,6-azd)2(dabco), where dabco = 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane] and MOF-650 [Zn4O(2,6-azd)3], have been synthesized, and their crystal structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. Both materials displayed permanent microporosity, and the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface areas of MOF-649 and MOF-650 are estimated to be 910 and 2630 m2 g−1, respectively. The H2 adsorption measurements showed that MOF-650 adsorbs 14.8 mg g−1 of hydrogen at 77 K and 1 bar. The polarization effect of the azulene unit in the framework is supported by high initial isosteric heat of adsorption of 6.8 kJ mol−1 for MOF-650. A detailed computational analysis using density functional theory was carried out in order to investigate the structure and electronic properties of MOF-650 and subsequently to understand its site-specific interactions with hydrogen.