Paper: Design, Synthesis, Structure, and Gas (N2, Ar, CO2, CH4, and H2) Sorption Properties of Porous Metal-Organic Tetrahedral and Heterocuboidal Polyhedra

Authors: A. C. Sudik, A. R. Millward, N. W. Ockwig, A. P. Côté, J. Kim, and O. M. Yaghi

Citation: J. Am. Chem. Soc.2005127, 7110-7118

DOI: 10.1021/ja042802q

Alternative Name: IRMOP-51

Abstract: A strategy based on assembling metal ions and organic carboxylate links has been applied for the design and synthesis of a new class of porous, truncated tetrahedral and heterocuboidal polyhedra, whose pore size and functionality can be systematically varied. The synthesis of this series of metal-organic polyhedra (MOPs) employs sulfate-capped oxygen-centered iron-carboxylate trimers, Fe3O(CO2)3(SO4)3, as rigid nodes separated by linear (phenyl, biphenyl, terphenyl, and tetrahydropyrene) or trigonal (benzenetriphenyl) links to yield five highly crystalline polyhedra of general formula [NH2(CH3)2]8[Fe12O4(SO4)12(link)x(py)12]·G (= 6 for linear or 4 for trigonal, py = pyridine, G = guests). In this series, the size of each polyhedron has been varied from 20.0 to 28.5 Å (on edge), and the corresponding pore diameter from 7.3 to 13.3 Å. Gas sorption isotherms were measured for three members of this series to reveal significant uptake of gases (N2, Ar, CO2, H2, CH4) and benzene and exhibit Type I sorption behavior that is indicative of permanent porosity. The apparent surface areas for these compounds range from 387 to 480 m2/g.